Editor’s note:These brief extracts are paraphrased from live webcast and may not be fully correct.

Earth Observation & Climate change: ‘Earth and Athmosphere monitoring from ISS’

Ryota Sato, Manager of Sensor Technology Office of Earth Observation Research Center, JAXA

Download the full presentation: Earth observation and climate change

Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder,  also known by the more friendly acronym SMILES, is an Earth observation module on the ISS.

It detected particles of BrO in the atmosphere that contribute much more to ozone depletion than carbon dioxide.

Future missions will also focus on climate change using laser technology.

JAXA is launching MCE which combines five instruments to monitor Earth.

CIRC instrument by is the largest infra-red camera ever used for Earth observation on ISS. Its key objective is to detect fires.

i-Love will study carbon uptake by forests to assess how plants are preventing global warming.

APOLLO will look at ozone in the troposphere. Ozone can impact human health and crop yields