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Exploration

ESA Astronauts

Class of 2009

Made up of astronauts from France, Italy, Germany, Denmark and the UK, members of ESA's astronaut class of 2009 have flown eight missions to the International Space Station. Find out more about each astronaut and their activities by clicking on their profile.

Podcasts

ESA Explores

Go behind the scenes of exploration and other space topics with astronauts and experts in this official podcast from the European Space Agency.

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Topics

Exploration topics

Human spaceflight and robotic exploration expand our knowledge of the Universe and enhance life on Earth. From missions to the International Space Station (ISS), to ground-based training and future technologies, join ESA in exploring farther.

International Space Station

Business as (not so) usual on the Space Station

As any scientist will confirm, a huge part of doing science is being attentive. Making sure experiments run smoothly. Observing outcomes. Fine-tuning settings to the tiniest degree. With many different experiments running simultaneously on the Space Station, 400 kilometres above the earth, at a speed of roughly 28 000 km/h, attention to detail becomes an invaluable virtue.

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Podcasts

New ESA Explores podcast series

The first episode in a new ESA Explores podcast series is available now via all major podcast platforms, including Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts and Spotify.

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Science

Foams, meteors, muscle tone, and firing up the levitator – August Space Station science

While much of Europe was on holidays in August, it was business as usual on the International Space Station. European science continued to collect data on a range of topics looking to enhance space exploration and life on Earth.    Catching meteors Perseid showers captured by ESA’s meteor camera The Atmosphere–Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM), located outside […]

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Science

Take refuge in a cave – on the Moon

Caverns on the Moon and Mars can offer enough space, protection against cosmic radiation and stable temperatures for astronaut bases, a recent study suggests. New research compared hundreds of underground formations on Earth, the Moon and Mars. While on our planet the diameter of lava tunnels typically ranges from 10 to 30 metres, some of […]

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Science

From Antarctica to Mars

There is something in the frozen lands of Antarctica that lures her. Vinciane Debaille cherishes forgotten rocks that have landed in the midst of the white desert. More than 250 martian meteorites have fallen under the scrutiny of this geochemist who dates rocks using natural radioactivity to understand how planets formed and evolved.

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Science

A game changer for the Solar System

Half a century ago humans stepped on the Moon for the first time. The lunar rocks the Apollo astronauts bought back to Earth are still being investigated and analysed by researchers all over the world. As lab techniques improve, new revelations help us better understand our natural satellite.

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Science

The martian link

She feels at ease in the lab, surrounded by microscopes to unveil the inner secrets of rocks. As she swings back and forth between a meteorite sample, the eyepiece and the screen, she is looking for the organic compounds that will tell her more about life in the Universe.

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Science

Mars revisited

If aliens looked for life on a future Earth with its oceans and fertile lands lost to time, where would they start?

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