Map of the Guiana Space Centre – the S1B is situated close to point 3 on the map and the S5 is at point 5

Towards the end of November, the first part of the Gaia launch preparation was complete: the satellite was 90% ready, with its tanks pressurised. The second part begins with filling the tanks with the appropriate propellants. This phase is particularly dangerous because the propellants are toxic, and there is also a risk of explosion, so it is carried out in a dedicated building. That’s why Gaia had to move from building S1B in the payload preparation complex (EPCU), where it has been since the start of the campaign, to the S5 building to be fuelled.


Photo of the EPCU zone S1 (source: Astrium campaign booklet)

How do you move Gaia from one building to another?
Gaia, complete with its sunshield, could not be transported in the container that originally brought it to Guiana. Instead, it was transported between the buildings in the Conteneur Charge Utile 3 (CCU3). This container is effectively a self-contained cleanroom: it is air conditioned, the temperature, humidity and dust are controlled, and obviously it is waterproof. It is a large container, big enough to fit all kinds of satellites, including Envisat, one of the largest satellites ever built, or the ATV.


Gaia on the base of the CCU3, ready to be moved

The different steps of the transport:
A few days before the date of the transport, the CCU3 had to be mounted in the entrance airlock of the S1B building (the point where Gaia entered in August). It was checked to ensure it was completely waterproof and the interior of the container was cleaned thoroughly. A few hours before the transport, the satellite was placed on the removable base of the container.

Two hours before Gaia was due to be moved, the base and the satellite were rolled into the container.

imgp3245Gaia is short compared to the height of the container


Gaia in the CCU3 container










Closing the door of the CCU3


Once the satellite was inside, the door of the container was closed, the air conditioning was turned on, and the internal environment was monitored carefully.





Prestigious satellites have preceded Gaia in this container: Herschel, Planck, Envisat…





The transport convoy between the two buildings


On schedule, the container was taken out of the airlock and it was time for the convoy to hit the road.





img_6311It’s a journey of around 5km between the two buildings and the convoy travelled between 10 and 20 km/h. That evening, Friday 29 November, it took less than an hour to make the journey. Even at 19h13, the temperature outside was still 28 degrees. A few raindrops fell along the way, but fortunately it was not a tropical shower.


Cleaning the CCU3 door

Arriving at S5, the CCU3 was placed at the entrance to the airlock. The exterior door of the airlock was opened. Following its journey, the exterior door of the container had to be cleaned again to avoid contamination of the cleanroom.





img_6332During this time, we had an unexpected guest in the airlock: a bird. Obviously there was no question of allowing him to fly around any way he liked, and he was certainly not getting a flight on a satellite!

After 15 minutes, we succeeded in getting him to go into an adjacent corridor. The door of the container could then be opened. After this, the satellite on the base of the container was rolled into the cleanroom.


Gaia in the 400m^2 S5. In the foreground, the fuelling trolley


On Saturday 30 November, Gaia was installed on the “propulsion trolley”, allowing for fuelling to begin from Monday 2 December.




This post was originally written in French by Isabelle Desenclos, Quality Assurance engineer on Gaia at Astrium Toulouse. The full version of this post in French is available in her personal blog. Thank you for sharing, Isabelle!

Photos taken by the Astrium team, with the permission of the chef de mission of Astrium for their circulation/broadcast