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Three sites, one mission

The last leg of ESA’s Pangaea training course has kicked off in the alien-like landscapes of Lanzarote, Spain, to bring future space missions to reality. The Pangaea campaign – named after the ancient supercontinent – provides astronauts...

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Roving the future

Last year, a rover explored volcanic caves and craters as part of the Pangaea-X test campaign. With just a few weeks to go until the second edition (18-23 November), robotics researcher Javier Hidalgo-Carrió looks back at the challenges...

Minerals of the world, unite!

  Imagine you are on Mars and you stumble upon an interesting rock. The colours, the shape of the crystals and the place where you find it all tell you: there is more to it than meets...

Martian craters on Earth

On the same day in our Solar System, ESA published two beautiful images of impact craters from two different planets – Mars and Earth. The features were so strikingly similar that we asked Pangaea instructor and geologist...

Meet the instructors: Nicolas Mangold

Choosing a landing site for a rover and tracking down ice on Mars are two of Nicolas Mangold’s long-time passions. Ever since deciding to study planetary geology back in the late 1990s, the diversity of the Red...

Meet the instructors: Harald Hiesinger

Not everyone can say they have an asteroid named after them. A small piece of the Solar System, between three to seven kilometres wide, circles the Sun between Mars and Jupiter with the name (26811) Hiesinger. The...

From the Moon to the Earth

Until now, Aidan Cowley was pretty much focused on the Moon. He works at ESA investigating technologies and concepts for future lunar missions, such as 3D printing and energy generation. He joined Pangaea’s journey last year as...

Meet the instructors: Charles Cockell

To listen to him talking about life in the Universe is to be instantly hooked. Professor Charles Cockell, head of the UK Centre for Astrobiology, joins Pangaea’s team of instructors to teach about the origins and evolution of...

The layers of Mars

A new week, a new geological playground. A spectacular canyon lies in front of the participants of Pangaea, ESA’s geology training course, during the second week of the campaign in the Italian Dolomites region. The eight-km long...

An astronaut’s geology journey

Veteran ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter has spent more days in space than any other European astronaut to date. After two missions and 350 days in orbit, he joins Pangaea’s geology training course with a wealth of operational...